Take successive photos of your subject if there is a chance that it might move. Certain subjects, such as wild animals, won't just wait patiently for you to take your photo. In this case, take one shot quickly so that you have something to work with. Then, if the subject hasn't moved, take more shots with better positioning and composition.
Make sure you have a focal point for your photograph. This should be the first thing that the viewer's eye is drawn to. Whether it's a flower, a person, or a bird, every shot you take should have a specific focal point. Don't only think about what the focal point is, but figure out the best spot for it in the shot.
Don't be afraid to experiment! With digital cameras, you can now store an incredible amount of photos. Try it out! Don't be afraid to set up your camera at a stream one day and play around with the effects to see what kind of photos you get. It can be a great way to learn what works, and what doesn't.
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