Make sure you have a focal point for your photograph. This should be the first thing that the viewer's eye is drawn to. Whether it's a flower, a person, or a bird, every shot you take should have a specific focal point. Don't only think about what the focal point is, but figure out the best spot for it in the shot.
Take successive photos of your subject if there is a chance that it might move. Certain subjects, such as wild animals, won't just wait patiently for you to take your photo. In this case, take one shot quickly so that you have something to work with. Then, if the subject hasn't moved, take more shots with better positioning and composition.
Look for patterns in your subject matter, no matter if they happen to be natural or artificial. Patterns add an appealing aspect to a photograph, particularly if they are repeating patterns. You can play off these patterns to get unusual angles or frame your subject relative to the background.
Plagued by horrible weather and a severe lack of sunset, sunrises or any light for that matter, I continue my Great Big (Not So) Amazing Irish Road Trip. Also …