Take successive photos of your subject if there is a chance that it might move. Certain subjects, such as wild animals, won't just wait patiently for you to take your photo. In this case, take one shot quickly so that you have something to work with. Then, if the subject hasn't moved, take more shots with better positioning and composition.
When composing your picture, pay attention to the weather. If it is overcast outside, try to keep the sky out of your picture as much as possible. Black and white pictures are also a good choice if you want to shoot outside on an overcast day. If the weather is nice and sunny, you will get a lot of great pictures, just make sure your subject isn't squinting at the sun.
One of the best ways for you to learn about photography is to study examples of how to hold your camera and work your subject during photo shoots. In addition, you can talk to someone who has been in photography for a long time to gain valuable insight on your craft.
In this video, photographer and Moving Walls exhibition co-curator Susan Meiselas discusses documentary photography’s potential to connect and move …